Critics

Frankenstein_Colored

Chris Baldick wrote for the Oxford: Clarendon Press in 1987, which is around the time his story, “In Frankenstein’s Shadow: Myth, Monstrosity, and Ninteenth-Century Writing”. As the title reads, he believed that the story of Frankenstein was that of a “mirror” to the author, Mary Shelley’s life. What followed her birth was the death of her mother, Mary Woolstonecraft. This can be connected to the story in that the creation of Frankenstein’s monster would soon lead to the demise of Frankenstein himself. The monster soon would be found weeping over his creator, knowing it was his fault for Frankenstein’s demise. Mary would also find herself in the same position, always filled with sadness for the death of her mother. This connection would again be brought up when Frankenstein’s monster finds the laboratory notes that coincided with his creation. Like the monster, Mary Shelley as a child would find herself reading her mother’s works, which included the love letters that belonged to her parents, leading up to the pregnancy, or “creation” of Mary herself.

Carol J. Adams of the New York, Continuum viewed Mary Shelley’s work as something of a “call out”. The main point she made was surrounded around the point that Frankenstein was a vegetarian. Carol J Adam’s believed that Mary Shelley made the monster a vegetarian to show the moral wrong doings of man. Making the monster a vegetarian makes him even further from being normal, and accepted. As stated here, “The Creature includes animals within its moral codes, but is thwarted and deeply frustrated when seeking to be included within the moral codes of humanity. It learns that regardless of its own inclusive moral standards, the human circle is drawn in such a way that both it and the other animals are excluded from it.” (The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory, 108-119.) Carol believed that at the time of this books release it was around the same time as the revolution that the “Romantic Vegetarians”, as she called them, were trying to expand the moral view of man to include animals, they did not succeed. Mary Shelley’s husband, Percy, was one of these “Romantic Vegetarians”, which supports this claim.

Fred Botting, a writer for Manchester University Press in 1991 would take a very different and more world involved evaluation to Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein”. Fred Botting believed that in the story the author would take on the idea of the “Monster” that was characterized in the French Revolution as a terrible threat to any established order. Mary would challenge this idea through her story by showing that, as said in Frankenstein, “man can be changed into an artificial monster by the stations in which he is born”. She would go on saying that social organizations can manufacture their own monsters through discrimination and hate. She enforces this idea by showing the monster as something that is kind and filled with moral conflicts, it is not until he is marked as a monster that he would do unjust things.

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